KANSAS CITY – We see a lot of good surgical candidates walk through the doors at Premier Plastic Surgery. They are healthy, physically fit, well-nourished and psychologically sound. Unfortunately, we consult with many men and women who are less than optimal patients for elective cosmetic procedures. They are looking for answers like anyone else, but come in with a lot of added risk factors.
A triad of problems tops the list of things that could potentially compromise surgery and healing:
- Poor medication management
It’s vital that patients fully disclose their medical history and current lifestyle habits. This includes all health conditions, as well as use of alcohol, drugs, tobacco, homeopathic products, over-the-counter medications, and prescriptions. Many of these items compromise blood clotting, anesthesia, organ function, blood pressure and wound healing. To do their best work, Premier’s board-certified plastic surgeons – Dr. John B Moore, Dr. Brad Storm and Dr. Federico Gonzalez – need to know everything. This facilitates case management and risk reduction.
Smokers must cease their habit several weeks pre- and post-operation – if not permanently. Diabetics must have their blood sugar strictly under control before surgery and afterward. Smokers and diabetics are notoriously poor healers, so these cases must be managed closely to promote satisfactory outcomes.
Diabetes and Plastic Surgery
Diabetic surgery patients have a particularly challenging road, depending on their age, fitness, circulation, kidney health, current treatment protocol, immune system condition, and their ability to strictly control diet and blood sugar levels. Surgery involves a degree of physical and mental stress, which impacts hormone levels. In the diabetic, these changes can contribute to lower insulin secretion, increased insulin resistance, reduced cellular glucose uptake, and a buildup of acidic ketones in the bloodstream.
High urinary output may make diabetics prone to dehydration. In post-op surgery patients, excessive urination takes vital fluids away from cells trying to heal and may cause other complications. Hydration, electrolyte levels, and renal health must be watched closely in diabetic patients.
Nerve damage, fragile skin, cardiovascular inflammation, and an increased risk of infection and tissue death are also concerns for plastic surgeons considering surgery on clients with diabetes. Wounds take longer to heal, exposing incisions to contaminants for a longer period of time. Following wound care instructions is of utmost importance. Weighing a potential patient’s ability to comply with post-op protocol is a vital part of the consultation process.
Reducing Risks before Cosmetic Surgery
- Keep blood glucose within target zone
- Eat a nutritious, protein-rich diet
- Maintain hydration
- Avoid cigarettes, alcohol and drugs
- Keep stress levels low
- See your family doctor regularly
By following the aforementioned lifestyle routine, you will become a better surgical candidate. Needless to say, non-insulin dependence is the goal, whether you are considering cosmetic surgery or not.
If you have diabetes and would like to consult with one of our physicians about the possibility of having a breast lift, nose job, or liposuction, please call our office at (913) 782-0707. We’ll weigh the benefits and risks together. And, don’t forget that we offer a wide range of non-invasive cosmetic procedures and products in our Premier Skin Care Center.